Monday, February 28, 2011

Myths for Monday -- Caballo Cojo & the Vaquero del Otro Mundo

In the Department of Bolívar (as well as other Atlantic Coast Departments), there are two myths related to horses and riders. This makes sense because Bolívar's main industry is livestock. Both myths tell of scary emissaries of the devil.

#1 The Caballo Cojo (Limping Horse)

In villages in the Center and South of the Department of Bolívar, stories are told that on dark nights a horse can be heard whinnying and galloping across the countryside. The sound of the hoof beats are said to be terrifying and without equal. People who have heard the sound, have also often seen an amazing sight -- a black horse with penetrating, glowing, red eyes --whose presence leaves them frozen and dumb. It is in this frozen and mute state that they will then see the horse, which has only 3 legs, run past. Behind the apparition, will remain a nauseating smell of sulphur.

#2 The Vaquero del Otro Mundo (Cowboy from another Word)

In several of the towns and villages of the department of Bolívar, people claim that on clear nights, when the moon is at or near full, one can hear the roar, groans, and clamor of a herd of cattle running across the plain. Above the noise, a cowboy can be heard singing the most beautiful cowboy song ever heard. When people go to look and see who is coming, they see not a heard of cattle, not a group of cowboys, but a single rider, alone on a black horse with a brilliant saddle and reigns of shiny gold. As the rider gets closer, fear and dread strike the heart of the person watching. Then, there is an attack of goosebumps as the person realizes that the rider has but a black face with yellow glowing eyes. The rider's unworldy cackle is heard above the din, and as he rides by the person, his gold teeth catch the gleam of the moon and glow brilliantly. Behind him are heard the voices of the damned yelling for help and the wind becomes cold -- while some also report that a dust devil appears.

After the Vaquero leaves, some say that anyone who has seen him will have amazing good luck. Others say that it causes extreme bad luck -- not a very reliable omen. Yet, it counts for our Myth for Monday...

Clip art:

Friday, February 25, 2011

When Cultures Collide

Two years ago, a scene played out at a hospital in Quibdó, Chocó, which has repeated itself many times over the years. Here is what happened. An indigenous woman entered the hospital with a sick baby. Once the baby was being taken care of, the mother got up and in broken Spanish stated, "I no want baby. I no want baby." The baby had down's syndrome and was suffering from malnutrition.

An article in the Colombian weekly magazine, SEMANA, reports that this scene is more common than one would like to admit. According to the author, in several of the Indigenous groups of Colombia there is a belief that having a child with any kind of deformity, a cleft lip, crossed eyes, missing limb or digit, mental retardation, etc. is a punishment of the Gods -- one which they cannot accept. They discontinue feeding the child and, without intervention, it will starve.

In other past cases, prior to ICBF intervention and education, children were simply smothered at birth. Now, ICBF has worked to encourage indigenous peoples to turn these children over to the adoptions social worker rather than commit infanticide. There have been cases where ICBF, the army, and medical support teams have had to go to the Indian Reservation and convince the mother to let the child go with them rather than let the child die.

Unfortunately, this has also led to a flip side. ICBF Chocó reports that they have 50 beds for children suffering from extreme malnutrition and 80% are filled with indigenous children. The head of the Department of Indigenous Health for the region claims that now Indigenous mothers have become accustomed to to giving their children to ICBF.

An interesting cultural side note to this story is that while parents who starve their children in Colombia are typically prosecuted by the legal system, those of the Indigenous community are not. This system has been in place for many generations to help facilitate the life that the Indigenous people live. Caring for children with special needs is difficult for hunter/gatherers, and while it is difficult for us to understand it from our cultural perspective, from theirs, a defective child comes from the devils to destroy the lives of the parents, family, and community. It is in the truest sense, survival of the fittest.

The upside of this story for the children is that there are many families desperately wanting to parent them. Take the example of one child, he was born in Tutunendo. He was born without one arm and with the fingers of his other arm stuck together. The ICBF worker reported that his parents had planned to burn him in boiling water to protect themselves from the devil. He was saved, however, by a local teacher who was able to warn the police, who then rescued the child. This child now lives with his adoptive parents in Europe.

From the article found here:

Thursday, February 24, 2011

Los Colores de la Montaña -- The Colors of the Mountain

Competing this week for the best Iberoamerican film at the Cartagena film festival is the movie "Los Colores de la Montaña". The movie is directed by the Paisa, Carlos César Arbeláez. It is his first movie. It has already won an award at the international film festival in San Sebastian. Read more here:

The story is about the friendship of 3 boys who live in rural Colombia and are surrounded by guerrillas. They love futbol (soccer), and one in particular, Manuel (age 9), dreams of playing as a professional goal keeper some day. Unfortunately, they lose their soccer ball in a field with landmines. You can see the trailer below. And, here is to hoping that it will eventually appear on Netflix :).

Wednesday, February 23, 2011

Tragic Cultural Loss

Within Colombia's Ministry of Culture is a small program known as the Program for the Protection of Ethnolinguistic Diversity. This week the program announced a tragic loss of Colombian cultural heritage -- the loss of 5 native Colombian languages, with 19 on the critically endangered list.

For its size, Colombian boasts an inordinate number of spoken languages, with 65 native languages and 2 creole languages -- this is not to mention Spanish. More than half of those spoken languages are spoken by fewer than 1,000 people. The most threatened language is that of TINIGUA, which as of the date of the report was spoken by only 1 indigenous person living in the department of Meta. The NONUYA language, from the area of Puerto Santander in the department of Amazonas, is next with only 3 speakers. Followed by CARIJONA spoken by 30 people who live in the department of Vaupés.

Among the other 19 languages on their way to extinction is the creole of San Basilio de Palenque, a language developed by the escaped African slaves of the Atlantic Coast. This creole was declared an Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO, but sadly is being lost. You can read more about that here:

These languages are very unique and varied in their origin, syntax, and use. Therefore, the loss of cultural heritage that these languages represent is truly a tragedy.

Clip art:

Tuesday, February 22, 2011

TUNES FOR TUESDAY --Beloved Alicia

My series of 5 Songs Most Colombians Will Recognize turned out to be heavily slanted towards Salsa Music. For this reason, I decided to continue by adding to the list songs from other genres which I think also speak to the Colombian common memory.

As with many others, today's song is a love story. Alas, a tragic one. It is based on a true experience from the life of Juan Manuel Polo Cervantes, born September 18, 1918, in Concordia, Magdalena, Colombia. Juan Manuel became a great poet and musician. To honor him, his friends changed his name to Juancho Polo Valencia. Juancho Polo being a cool way to say his name, and Valencia because that was the last name of the best poet in Colombia at the time (most likely Guillermo León Valencia, 1873-1943).

The story goes that Juancho Polo eventually married his sweetheart Alicia Cantillo. She quickly became pregnant with their first child, but possibly developed pre-eclampsia. She was swollen, she bruised and bled easily, and was very ill. Faithful to his work, Juancho left her in their meager home in the town of Flores de Maria and traveled for several days to make a living playing music at people's parties. When he returned, his wife had been buried for three days. Juancho grabbed his accordion and while crying next to her grave wrote and sang this song:

Alicia Adorada by Juancho Polo Valencia.

This is a standard vallenato. As such, it has been played by almost every vallenato artist out there. The younger generation will recognize this song as interpreted by Carlos Vives in his album Classicos de la Provincia.
In 1968, during the Vallenato Festival in Valledupar, another well known Colombian artist, Alejandro (Alejo) Durán, sang this song and was crowned the Vallenato King that Year. Here is his version.
Juancho Polo Valencia died in 1978. The night before his death, he had been playing in the Magical Town of Aracataca. The place where Gabriel García Marquez was born, and which in his book 100 Years of Solitude is called Macondo. He died as any character in the book: after returning from Macondo, he laid down in his hammock. There, his grandson found him peacefully dead the next morning.

Here's a short documentary about the song from the Costeño TV channel.

Monday, February 21, 2011

Myths for Monday -- La Patasola

In the department of Atlántico, as well as in other departments, people tell tales of having seen La Patasola (the One Legged Woman). Like the Sayona and the Mancarita, it is one of the many myths that portray scary, monstrous women who are out to trap hapless men.

When a victim sees the Patasola, they will see what appears to be an extremely beautiful and seductive woman -- from the waist up. From the waist down, she has one, single leg -- hence the word Pata (leg) sola (alone). In Black Widow type fashion, she is looking for mate that she can devour.

Some stories say that she calls out to a passing man, begging for his help. Then, as the man approaches, he becomes enchanted by her beauty, and follows her deeper into the forest. As they walk, she begins to change. Her hair becomes matted and snarled. Her mouth large and teeth sharp and long. Her eyes look like those of a tiger and sometimes are reported to glow.

The poor man, that is drunken with love, then becomes the helpless victim of the vampire like Patasola. She will attack him, drink his blood and eat his flesh. (I know, creepy. Makes the headless horseman seem so tame. :))

Friday, February 18, 2011

Drug Sub Seized

In case you missed it, this week the Colombian military in the department of Cauca seized a drug submarine.

See it here:

This reminded me of a Nat Geo special I saw a few years back (2003), and when I searched, I found it on YOUTUBE. You can see it in 3 parts:

Thursday, February 17, 2011

Most Popular Combined Names in Colombia -- Female

This list covers women of all ages in all of Colombia.

  1. Luz Marina -- 153,357 Colombianas share this name.
  2. María del Carmen
  3. Ana María
  4. Claudia Patricia
  5. María Elena
  6. María Eugenia
  7. Martha Cecilia
  8. Luz Dary
  9. María Isabel
  10. María Teresa
Again, this list reflect the entire country. There are some pretty big regional variations from this list.

In Bogotá, the list looks like this:
  1. María del Carmen
  2. Luz Marina
  3. Sandra Milena
  4. Sandra Patricia
  5. Diana Marcela
  6. Diana Carolina
  7. Claudia Patricia
  8. María Teresa
  9. Ana María
  10. Olga Lucía
In Medellín, it looks like this:
  1. Luz Marina
  2. Beatríz Elena
  3. Angela María
  4. María Eugenia
  5. Sandra Milena
  6. Luz Elena
  7. Paula Andrea
  8. Ana María
  9. María Elena
  10. Claudia Patricia
In Cali, the list is:
  1. Paola Andrea
  2. Luz Marina
  3. Martha Cecilia
  4. Martha Lucia
  5. Sandra Patricia
  6. María del Carmen
  7. María Fernanda
  8. María Eugenia
  9. María Elena
  10. Claudia Patricia
In Barranquilla,
  1. Luz Marina
  2. María del Carmen
  3. Ana María
  4. Claudia Patricia
  5. Carmen Cecilia
  6. Sandra Milena
  7. María Concepción
  8. Beatríz Elena
  9. Angélica María
  10. Carmen Alicia

Wednesday, February 16, 2011

Most Popular Combined Names in Colombia -- Male

Today and tomorrow will mark the end of our series on names. Here goes. Combined names are very popular in Colombia. When you say combined names you are really saying -- first and middle names. However, unlike here in the states, many people in Colombia use both names all the time.

They may use them together: For example, I have a brother-in-law named Julio Cesar. While he is often referred to as Julio, he is just as often referred to as Julio Cesar -- and not just when momma is angry :). "Is Julio Cesar coming?" "What's the news from Julio Cesar?" etc.

Combined names may be used separately at different times: Let me illustrate. I have a nephew named Oscar Leonardo. He has been called Oscar and Leonardo (often Leo) at different times, and sometimes at the same family gathering I have heard some people call him Oscar, while others call him Leonardo. The names are interchangeable.

Names can be combined to make a new moniker: Take the name Juan Esteban. This can be combined to make Juanes -- yes, this is where Juanes, the Colombian rock star got his name from.

Now, here is the top 10 list for male combined names in Colombia.

  1. Juan Carlos -- 153,176 Colombians share this name.
  2. Luis Alberto
  3. Carlos Alberto
  4. Luis Eduardo
  5. Luis Fernando
  6. Julio Cesar (Julius Caesar)
  7. Miguel Angel (Michelangelo)
  8. Luis Carlos
  9. José Antonio
  10. Carlos Arturo
While this list reflects the names most popular throughout the country, there are some regional differences in the top 10.

In Bogotá, the names Jorge Enrique, Carlos Andrés, and Carlos Julio replace Luis Carlos, José Antonio and Carlos Arturo on the top 10 list.

In Medellín, after the top three names, the list looks quite different.
  1. Luis Fernando
  2. Juan Carlos
  3. Carlos Alberto
  4. Carlos Mario
  5. John Jairo (often spelled Jhon Jairo)
  6. Andrés Felipe
  7. Juan David
  8. Luis Eduardo
  9. Juan Camilo
  10. Rubén Dario
In Cali, the name Diego Fernando is #3 and Andrés Felipe and Jorge Enrique are included.

In Barranquilla, Jorge Luis, José Luis, and Jorge Eliécer are all top ten.

Tuesday, February 15, 2011

Tunes for Tuesday; Songs Most Colombians Will Recognize #5

This list wouldn't be complete without a song written by one of the most prolific musical minds of Colombia, Jairo Varela.

Back in the early 90s, I remember anxiously tuning in for an interview he gave on Colombian National Television. Jairo Varela was at the zenith of his career then, and having been witness to his musical success, I was ready to finally meet this impressive musician. There are two things about that interview that remain with me to this day. First, he was a man of few words, almost shy. The interviewer had a difficult time prodding for more than just single word answers. I was expecting him to be just as eloquent as his music. Second, he said that at the time he had written and composed more than 300 songs, most of which had remained unpublished. I guess that, in a way, my second observation helps explain the first: He communicated better through his songs.

Jairo Varela, from Quibdó, Chocó, Colombia, might not be as well known as is his band, El Grupo Niche. Varela started Niche sometime between 1979 and 1980. In 1984, Niche released its fifth album appropriately titled, No Hay Quinto Malo (There's No Bad Fifth, an expression borrowed from the art of bullfighting and somewhat akin to "The Fifth time is the Charm"). The fifth track on Niche's fifth album is our fifth and final pick in this series:

Cali Pachanguero by El Grupo Niche

This song became the Official Song of the Feria de Cali that year, the unofficial Official Song of the Feria de Cali every year after that, and the unofficial City Anthem of Cali, period. Not a small accomplishment considering that Cali is the Salsa Music Capital of Colombia (and the Salsa Music Capital of the World). Since the rest of the country doesn't even question Cali's reputation, we just went with it, and this song is an Anthem for all Colombians. I have a recording of Niche playing it at the Madison Square Garden in New York City, in front of a very loud crowd of mostly Colombians, I'm guessing, since they all seemed to be able to sing along.

The song, of course, is simply about Cali being so cool, happy, and Salsa oriented. Some say that the singer is Tito Gómez, a Colombian from Puerto Rico (we claim him!) who also had sung with La Sonora Ponceña and Rubén Blades. While Tito Gomez sang a lot of Niche's best known songs, he actually didn't join Niche until 1985. He left Niche eight years later and ironically, during a reunion with the band in 2007, he passed away of a heart attack in his adoptive homeland of Cali, Colombia. Niche was a launching pad for several other great musicians who left the band to form their own, including Alexis Lozano who spun off to form Orquesta Guayacán.

Finally, I am not sure what Jairo Varela had in mind when he named his band. Niche (pronounced KNEE chay), according to the Spanish Royal Academy, is a word reserved to denote something of poor taste or conduct. When said about a person, it refers demeaningly to his or her black race. I'm sure, however, that he has taken the word and turned its meaning upside down. Yes, he is black like almost one third of Colombians. He is also a remarkably creative human being and what tasteful music he has written. So, here's to Jairo Varela and his very own brand of Salsa, Niche's "Cali Pachangero":

Monday, February 14, 2011

Myths for Monday -- La Sayona or Mancrita

Today's myth comes from the department of Arauca on the Eastern Plains of Colombia. The legend of La Sayona or Mancarita is shared with other departments of the Llano and the plains of Venezuela.

LA SAYONA was once a happily married woman. When she discovers that her husband is having an affair with her mother. In a fury, she kills them both, but before her mother dies she curses her daughter to spend all eternity roaming the plains avenging all women whose husbands have been unfaithful.

According to the legend, she wears a long white dress and approaches men who have been unfaithful, asking them for a ride, a cigarette, or something else. The two will begin to talk. Eventually, the man will see the skeleton face of the woman and she will attack and attempt to kill him.

This story is hoped to deter men from straying.

Friday, February 11, 2011

David Sánchez Juliao

This week a well-know Colombian author, David Sánchez Juliao, died in Bogotá. He was the author of numerous short stories, children's books, and novels.

His most famous novels include 'Mi sangre aunque plebeya' (My blood even though it is plebeian) and 'Pero sigo siendo el rey' (But I am still the king). The second was the winner of the Premio Nacional de Novela Plaza (National Award for Short Novels), and was later adapted into a television program in the late 1980's.

Here is a link to his children's books. You can read some and portions of others.

He also was a pioneer in using audio books with his most famous being 'El Pachanga' and 'El Flecha'.

In addition to his writing, he served as the Colombian embassador to India and Egypt.

Thursday, February 10, 2011

Most Common First Names in Colombia -- Female

Continuing with the theme, here are the most common names among all Colombian women.

  1. María -- with 2, 654, 835 women in Colombia sharing this name.
  2. Luz -- with only 790, 323 women sharing this name.
  3. Ana
  4. Sandra
  5. Rosa
  6. Martha
  7. Carmen
  8. Diana
  9. Gloria
  10. Blanca
In Bogotá, Claudia replaces Diana on the top 10 list.

In Medellín, the list looks exactly the same as the national list, with just Claudia replacing Gloria.

In Cali, Claudia replaces Blanca.

In Barranquilla, Olga and Claudia replace Blanca and Gloria in the top 10.

Wednesday, February 09, 2011

Most Common First Names in Colombia -- Male

Just when you thought that the series on names had ended, there are two more posts coming your way. This time, rather than the most common first names for children born within the last 10 years, it is the most common first names in Colombia --- period.

For men, the most common first name among all ages in Colombia is........

  1. JOSÉ -- with 1,679,871 men sporting this name.
  2. Luis
  3. Carlos
  4. Juan
  5. Jorge
  6. Pedro
  7. Jesús
  8. Manuel
  9. Oscar
  10. Miguel

In Bogotá, John, Diego, and Jaime made the top 10 replacing Jesús, Manuel, and Miguel.

In Medellín, it was Jhon, Francisco, and Jaime.

In Cali, it was Diego, John, and Andrés.

In Barranquilla, the names Rafael and Julio replace Jesús and Oscar.

Tuesday, February 08, 2011

Tunes for Tuesday; Songs Most Colombians Will Recognize #4

I wanted to say that to qualify for our list of Songs-Most-Colombians-Will-Recognize, the song and artist have to be from Colombia. There are songs by non-Colombians that, as we will see, also qualify. There is also a subset of songs most Colombians will be embarrassed to recognize, and we will get to those as well.

For now, today's song begins like this:

I'm going to tell you, brother, a little piece of our history, of our black history gentelman, and it goes. . . .”

Then, Chelito de Castro on piano starts that unforgettable short riddle. After the first eight piano strokes every Colombian sings “ooh” with Joe Arroyo, as they either grab their dance partners or simply sit there waiting for the goose bumps to clear.

The song is Rebelión, by Joe Arroyo

This is a love story of sorts set in perfect Cartagena. It is about a slave couple in the 1600s. One day the man sees their Spanish master mistreating his wife. He can't take it anymore and yells something which, as Joe puts it, “even today is heard around the land”--- “Hey, don't beat my woman!”

He actually calls her “mi negra”, “don't mistreat my negra”. Negra is a beautiful term of endearment among many Colombians, especially along the coasts, which are largely populated by Afrodescendants. It is not uncommon to hear husbands, dads, and brothers refer to their wife, daughter, or sister as “la negra”, or “la negrita”. In fact, some people use it even when the girl they are referring to is not even black. My brother who lived in Cartagena for a while and who is an honorary Costeño (he still has the accent, although we grew up one thousand miles away. Inland.) came back home once and started calling my sister “la negra”. She wasn't offended, it is, as I said, a term of endearment. My parents, on the other hand, kept wondering if she was spending too much time in the sun.

But back to the song. It was released to instant success in 1986 . By this time, Joe Arroyo, a native of Cartagena, had already become an icon of Colombian music. His voice, singing style and the way he dances speak volumes about Afro-Colombian culture. There will be more posts about him in the future. For now I will add that while affected by diabetes, he still records and performs, and that a Colombian TV channel is preparing to release a telenovela based on his life this year. Can't wait for the DVD!

Turn up the volume and click to listen to the song and watch the video:

Monday, February 07, 2011

Myths for Monday -- Madre del Río

Today's myth is common in the Department of Antioquia. It is the Madre del Río (Mother of the River). It is associated with the rivers in Antioquia.

The Madre del Río is a beautiful young woman. Her gaze is hypnotic and her beauty nymph-like. Her only unusual quality is that her feet face backward so that anyone who might try to follow her will go in the wrong direction.

As the legend goes, she was once the beautiful, young daughter of a wealthy, Spanish family. She had golden hair and big, blue eyes. She fell in love with a local Indian. Together, they had a son. When the girl's father became aware of the relationship and the child, he became enraged. He killed the man and threw the baby into the river. In desperation, the girl jumped into the river and drown. However, this act changed her into a River God -- the Madre del Río.

Once changed into the Madre del Río, she became embittered and vengeful. She began to pursue children, calling them with a sweet voice. Children who heard her, would become crazy and would begin to dream about the beautiful, blonde haired woman. In their dreams, the woman calls to them and speaks sweetly to them. Then, when the children come close to the river, they hear the voice of the woman and jump into the river.

Friday, February 04, 2011

Colombia -- A Top Retirement Spot

I can't believe I missed this one. Colombian Daddy brought this to my attention. Apparently, back in December, US NEWS and WORLD REPORT declared Medellín, Colombia a top exotic retirement spot. They cite the culture, sophistication and relative affordability as their reasons. I guess that is one way for us to stretch our 401K.

Read more here:

Thursday, February 03, 2011

Colombian Wins @ Sundance

Colombian Diego Jiménez, director of photography, for the movie 'Todos tus muertos', was the winner for Best Cinematography in the Sundance Festival World Cinema Dramatic Composition Competition. This is great news for Colombian cinema. Below, you can see the trailer for the movie which is about a farmer that finds a mound of bodies in his field -- kind of grim I know. The film is currently competing in Rotterdam for the Tiger Awards.

You can read more about the movie in a review by the Hollywood Reporter here:

Wednesday, February 02, 2011

What are Las Cabañuelas?

As mentioned yesterday, Las Cabañuelas is an ancient method for forecasting the weather that goes back centuries. From what I have been able to read, it seems that the tradition started in Spain, but some campesinos in Colombia still use this interesting predictive invention.

No matter the origin, it has the following procedure for forecasting the the weather.

The first 12 days of January are the considered the ESPEJO (Mirror) of the year. If the day is hot, then the corresponding month will be generally hot. If the day is cold, then the corresponding month will be generally cold. If it is rainy, then the corresponding month will be generally rainy. You get the idea.

The 1st of January represents what the weather will be like throughout the month of January. The 2nd of January represents the weather for the month of February, the 3rd = March, etc. Until we reach the 12th which represents December. However, the predictive ability of the Cabañuelas does not stop there. It starts again, only this time it goes backward -- the 13th represents December, the 14th November, etc.

Then, the 25th will represent January and February, the 26th March and April, etc. The last day of January will be divided into 2 hour periods -- January = 12:00 - 1:59, February = 2:00 - 3:59, etc.

The results are averaged and a determination of future weather patterns is made. If I tried to use this system, it might mean snow all year :). Thank heaven it doesn't work here. I think that the reason that this system came into use at all is because there are few seasonal changes in a place like Colombia. There are in essence two seasons -- rain and no rain. Sometimes they can both occur in the same month, week or even day.

Tuesday, February 01, 2011

TUNES FOR TUESDAY -- Songs Most Colombians Will Recognize #3

Back by popular demand (ok, my sister called), here is my pick for this week’s Songs-Most-Colombians-Will-Recognize:

Las Cabañuelas -- The Latin Brothers

The meaning of the word Cabañuela (cavanuelas, cabanuelas) requires a separate detailed post. For now, a Cabañuela is a prediction of the weather for a particular month based on what the weather is like during the first month of the year.

That sounds strange because it is strange, and difficult to do too. So the author of the song writes:

I took my paint brush and my water colors
to paint the cabañuelas,
But since it is impossible to portray weather
I painted the rainbow, and the sky
all just to remind me of you, if only for a moment.

A masterful piece of Latin Charm. If that’s not romantic, I don’t know what is!

The singer here is John Jairo Murillo, a great voice, born in Turbo, Antioquia, and who passed away in 2009 in Cartagena. He sang many of Latin Brothers’ hits and went off to form his own bands.

Latin Brothers shares its origins with Fruko. These two bands shared members and big names in Colombia such as Joe Arroyo, Gabino Pampini, Juan Carlos Coronel, and Joseito Martinez, among others. But my personal favorite member of Latin Brothers is the eccentric and talented musician, Piper Pimienta (Edulfamid Molina Díaz. Yeah, I’d go by Piper too). He’s the one in the black suit in the video. When I attempt dancing, I do it thinking that I look just like him. I will dedicate a future post to Piper and the many songs he made instantly recognizable hits in Colombia.

The band members in the video look so formal and serious, but don’t be fooled. Back then, they were just camera shy, they’re ALL having a great time. Enjoy it!